Yukon Country`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and executing Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. Negotiations resumed in the late 1980s and culminated in 1990 with the final umbrella agreement (UFA). The UFA serves as a framework or presentation of individual agreements with each of yukon`s 14 federally recognized First Nations. It was signed in 1993 and the four First Nations ratified their focal claim agreements in 1995. To date (January 2016), eleven of the 14 First Nations have signed and ratified an agreement. Currently, white River First Nation, Liard First Nation and Ross River Dena Council are not negotiating. They remain Indian groups under the Federal Indian Act.  In Nacho Nyak Dun, CSC emphasized that compliance with the treaty text should not take precedence over its underlying objectives and constitutional restrictions imposed by Section 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982. CSC noted that “[m] or treaties are intended to renew the relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Crown with an egalitarian partnership” and noted that if a treaty, such as final agreements, accurately establishes a relationship of government, these conditions should be applied. In this way, “reconciliation is in accordance with the conditions of a modern treaty.” While the framework agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will reach a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic final agreement of the Umbrella (UFA) was signed in 1993.
It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon nation. Looking to the future, Canada`s commitment to working on a nation-to-nation basis with Yukon First Nations governments, as well as with the First Nations Council and the Yukon government to recognize and implement Aboriginal rights remains unwavering. It is only in true partnership that we will realize the vision, hopes and dreams presented in Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow, which are reflected in the following agreements. Unlike most other Canadian foeal claims that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations insisted that the agreements involve all those they considered to be part of their nation, whether they were recognized as status Indians or not under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians founded the Yukon Indian Council (YC) to negotiate a land agreement. The two organizations and the Council merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Yukon First Nations Council. Other provisions of the Land Claims Agreement are the removal of tax exemptions for the Yukon First Nations (effective January 1, 2001), a limitation of the hunting rights of other Aboriginal people in the traditional territory of each First Nation, etc.