Finally, the scientific and technological agreement maintains the U.S. commitment to joint research between U.S. and Egyptian scientists. USAID`s work in this area focuses on development challenges and economic growth, with a focus on applied scientific research and technology commercialization. In 1956, the United States expressed concern about closer relations between Egypt and the Soviet Union and prepared the OMEGA memorandum as a stick to reduce the regional power of President Gamal Abdel Nasser. When Egypt recognized Communist China, the United States ended talks on financing the Aswan Dam, a high-performance project that issues Egypt`s coveted. The dam was then built by the Soviet Union. When Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, the Suez crisis erupted when Britain and France threatened to take back control of the canal and de-drop Nasser. Israel invaded the Suez in October 1956, and Britain and France (in the League with Israel) sent troops to conquer the canal. Under strong diplomatic and economic pressure, the Eisenhower administration forced Britain and France to withdraw quickly, leading to a warming of relations between the United States and Egypt.  Due to U.S. support for Israel, Egypt severed diplomatic relations with the United States during the Six Day War on June 8, 1967, and expelled the Americans to Egypt.
During and after the war, Egypt joined the USSR, which raised weapons and ammunition to rebuild the Egyptian army, sending thousands of advisers to train the Egyptian army and manage air defense.  In 2003, Galal and Lawrence launched the first of a series of studies on the viability of a free trade agreement. One of its key issues concerned “the dynamic benefits of the agreement, which stimulates productivity growth and investment, strengthens policy credibility and strengthens national economic reforms and institutional development.” 19 Figure 4: Federal Minister of Economy and Energy Peter Altmaier (C) meets with Egyptian Minister of Investment and International Cooperation Sahar Nasr (R) and Egyptian Minister of Industry, Trade and Small Industry, Amr Nassar. (Photo: Omar Zoheiry/picture alliance via Getty Images) U.S. aid to Egypt has long played a central role in Egypt`s economic and military development and in promoting strategic partnership and regional stability. Since 1980, the United States has provided Egypt with military aid and $30 billion in economic assistance. The timing may be too optimistic, but it indicates a willingness to compromise to be used. It is also important to note that free trade agreements have a proven track record in the preparation of such a reform. The prospect of a free trade agreement with the United States has helped forge an internal political consensus on labour law reform in Morocco, leading to reform efforts that had been hampered for more than 20 years.